Visual Studio Code or VSCode is a cross-platform, lightweight editor and became popular in a very short span. It provides support for several programming languages. It also supports plugin development and there are several community-driven plugins available for it.
In this tutorial, we will discuss how to install and prepare Visual Studio Code or VSCode for Python development on the popular Linux distribution i.e. Ubuntu. It provides several features for Python development including IntelliSense, Syntax Highlighting, Bracket Matching, Snippets, Linting, etc. This tutorial provides all the steps required to install VSCode on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, though the steps should be similar for other Linux systems.
It assumes that Python is already installed on the system. You may also be interested in How To Install Python 3.7 On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
You might also be interested in Python Cheatsheet to learn or brush up the basics of Python.
Step 1 - Download Visual Studio Code
We can download Visual Studio from the official download page. It provides options for Ubuntu as shown in Fig 1.
Click on the .deb Download Button to start the download. You can also download the
Step 2 - Install Visual Studio Code
In this step, we will install the Visual Studio Code downloaded by us in the previous step. Double click the installer to execute it. It will show the installer screen as shown in Fig 2.
Click on the Install Button to start installing VSCode. It will show installation progress as shown in Fig 3.
After the successful installation, it will show the final screen as shown in Fig 4.
Now close the screen to complete the installation. Click on the Show Applications icon at the bottom right corner of Ubuntu 18.04. It should show Visual Studio Code as shown in Fig 5.
You may add it to your Favorite Apps or create a desktop shortcut icon based on your preferences. Launch VSCode to start coding in Python. It will show the welcome screen as shown in Fig 6.
Step 3 - Marketplace
You can see all the available plugins on the Marketplace dedicated to the Visual Studio Code. Type python in the search box and click on the Search Button. The results should be similar to one as shown in Fig 7.
We can also browse the available extensions within the IDE by clicking on View -> Extensions or press Ctrl + Shift + x. Enter python on the Search Box and hit Enter Key. It will show the same extensions list within the IDE as we saw on the Marketplace Page as shown in Fig 8.
Step 4 - Install Extensions
We will install the most important extensions as part of this tutorial. Also, make sure that you are using the most recent version of Python. Your system should have at least Python 3 to use the new features available in Python.
Python and MagicPython are the most important extensions that every Python developer must install for Visual Studio Code or VSCode. The other extensions can be installed based on the requirements. Install both the extensions as shown in Fig 9 and Fig 10.
Notes: We can also install the recommended Python Extension Pack including Python, MagicPython, Jinja, and Django.
Step 5 - Getting Started with Python - Hello World
In this section, we will create the Hello World i.e. HelloPython project and write and execute the first program using VSCode to start programming with Python development.
Click on File -> Open Folder or press Cntrl + K and Cntrl + O to open the File Chooser to select the project folder. It will open the selected folder as highlighted in Fig 11.
Now click on the New File Icon as highlighted in Fig 12.
Enter the file name as hello.py and hit the Enter Key. It will create the Python file as shown in Fig 13.
Notes: It will also ask to install Python Linter extension in case it's not installed. It's a must-have extension for Python.
Update the file and write the first program to print Hello Python as shown in Fig 14.
Now right-click the file and choose the option Run Code. It will open the terminal within the editor, and execute the code as shown in Fig 15 and Fig 16.
This is how we can install the Visual Studio Code for Python development. We have also written our first hello world program and executed it within the editor using the Code Runner extension.